1945

Wardell Gray Chronology

 

 

 

Created by Leif Bo Petersen

 

Last updated: July 23, 2019.

 

 

Date

 

Event

References/Further Details

January 5

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

17 pieces. Probably: Billy Douglas, Palmer Davis,  Willie Cook (tp); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls (tb, p);  Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); unidentified (tb, g); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as, fl); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Eugene Thomas (b); David Booth (d), Essex Scott (voc).

Three Maniacs of Rhythm

Four Mellowtones

Salt & Pepper

Red Lyons

Tiny Dickerson - Al Wilson - Joe Byrd

(comedy)

Apollo Theater, NYC.

January 5–11.

January 10:

Amateur Night. WMCA broadcast. 11:00—12:00 p.m.

Broadcast recording with the Earl Hines orchestra exists.

 

Ad in New York Age, January 6, 1945, 10.

"Earl 'Fatha' Hines and Revue Starts New Year at Apollo," New York Age, January 6, 1945, 10: mentions comedy team not shown in the ad.

"House Reviews: Apollo, N.Y." Variety, January 10, 1945, 45. mentions trombonist doubling on guitar, Scoops Carry (cl), Kermit Scott (ts), Arthur Walker (tp, voc), Janie Moses (voc), and Essex Scott (voc).

“Radio programs,” Brooklyn Eagle, January 10, 1945, 21.

See discography for details.

January 12

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Billy Douglas, Palmer Davis,  Willie Cook (tp); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls (tb, p);  Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as, fl); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Rene Hall (g, arr); Eugene Thomas (b); David Booth (d); ); The Mello-Tones (Reuben Saunders, Arthur Rainwater [aka Artie Waters], Harold McEwen, Gene Billbrew) (voc).

RCA Victor Studio, 155 E. 24th Street, NYC.

January 12, 1:30—4:30 p.m.

Commercial recordings for Bluebird (RCA-Victor).

 

Recording contract between William Morris Agency and RCA (Norman Saks Collection).

http://wardellgray.org/contractsp1.html

These recordings remained unissued until 1975.

See discography for further details.

 

January 25

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Savoy, Pittsburgh, PA.

9:30 pm—1:30 am.

Dance.

 

Ad in Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, January 24, 14: former Hill City Ballroom.

February 2

Earl Hines and His Orchestra and His Harlem Revue

17 pieces.  Probably: Billy Douglas, Palmer Davis,  Willie Cook (tp); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls (tb, b, p);  Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Unidentified (tb, g); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as, fl); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir);  Eugene Thomas (b); David Booth (d), Essex Scott (voc).

Mellowtones

Businessmen of Rhythm

Salt & Pepper

National Theatre, Louisville, KY.

February 2-8.

Colored Second Balcony open for this engagement only.

 

Ad in Courier-Journal, February 2, 1945, 10.

"'Fatha' Hines Keeps it Hot at National, Courier-Journal, February 3, 1945, 1sec 2, 2: Review.

"House Reviews: National, L'ville," Variety, February 7, 1945, 20: Review: mentions Scoops Carey (cl), Arthur Walker (tp, voc), Cliff Smalls (b, p), Essex Scott (voc), Kermit Scott, and Palmer Davis.

February early

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

School of Music, University of Louisville, KY.

Lecture on modern jazz.

“Father Hines Puts U of Louisville Kids Hep to Jive with Lecture,” Variety, February 14, 1945, 43: article dated Louisville Feb. 13. “Earl Hines…Monday (15) [sic] when he lectured on the psychological aspects of modern jazz.”

“Hines Bars Jim Crow Audiences,” Afro-American, April 21, 1945, 8: First the lecture was cancelled because Hines found out that colored students had no access. Later he appeared for a non-segregated audience in the University’s School of Music.

 

February 9

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Fountain Ballroom, Masonic Temple, Detroit, MI.

February 9. 9:30 pm–1 am.

Theta Nu and Delta Phi (prod).

Dance.

 

"Chatterbox," Detroit Free Press, January 1, 1945, 8.

February 23

Earl Hines and His Orchestra and His Harlem Revue

Mellowtones

Pork Chops

Bijou, Battle Creek, MI.

February 23–25.

 

Ad Battle Creek Enquirer, February 23, 1945, 11.

Ad Battle Creek Enquirer, February 24, 1945, 4.

March 2

Star Time

Earl Hines Orchestra and Revue

Probably: Billy Douglas, Palmer Davis,  Willie Cook (tp); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls (tb, p);  Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as, fl); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Rene Hall (g); Eugene Thomas (b); David Booth (d), Janie Moses; Essex Scott (voc).

4 Mellowtones

3 Maniacs of Rhythm

Martina D’Arcy

(dance)

The Grottoettes

El Grotto, Pershing Hotel, Chicago, IL.

March 2–29.

Supper show 8 pm. Sunday Matinees.

From March 15: Daily broadcasts from El Grotto.

March 29: Broadcast WIND: Private recordings exists.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, March 3, 1945, 10.

Program shown in S. Dance. The World of Earl Hines (1977), 289.

“Hines Airs from Chi’s El Grotto,” Afro-American, March 10, 1945, 8: states that the orchestra has 15 men.

“Complete Radio Programs and Highlights for Today," Chicago Tribune, March 15—29: On weekdays: WIND: 7—7:20 pm.: News — Earl Hines Orchestra. On Sundays: WIND: 8—8:30 pm.:  News — Earl Hines Orchestra.

J. Evensmo, History of Jazz Tenor Saxophone vol. 4 (1999), 134.

See discography for details.

March 30

Earl Hines Orchestra and Revue

Probably: Billy Douglas, Palmer Davis,  Willie Cook (tp); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls (tb, p);  Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as, fl); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Rene Hall (g); Eugene Thomas (b); David Booth (d), Janie Moses; Essex Scott (voc).

4 Mellowtones

3 Maniacs of Rhythm

Martina D’Arcy

The Grottoettes

El Grotto, Pershing Hotel, Chicago, IL.

March 30—May 3.

Daily broadcasts from El Grotto.

 

“Hines proves Sweet Music is Real thing at Grotto,” Afro-American, March 31, 1945, 8: Hines starts his second 4 weeks on Friday.

 “Hines Awarded USO Honors,” Afro-American, April 28, 1945, 8: Hines at El Grotto through May 3.

“Complete Radio Programs and Highlights for Today," Chicago Tribune, March 30, 1945, 14: Wind: 7—7:20 pm.: News - Ear Hines Orchestra.

“Complete Radio Programs and Highlights for Today," Chicago Tribune, March 31, 1945, 9: Wind: 7—7:20 pm.: News - Ear Hines Orchestra.

“Complete Radio Programs and Highlights for Today," Chicago Tribune, April 1—May 3: On weekdays: WIND: 11—11:30 pm.: News — Earl Hines Orchestra. On Sundays: WIND: 8—8:30 pm.:  News — Earl Hines Orchestra.

 

April mid

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Hines signs recording contract with ARA.

“Morros Signs Hines to Exclusive contract,” Billboard, April 28, 1945, 11: New York, April 21 –Exclusive contract with Hines last week.

 

May 4

Earl Hines Orchestra and Revue

4 Mellowtones

3 Maniacs of Rhythm

Salt & Pepper

Paradise Theater, Detroit, MI.

May 4—10.

 

Ad in Detroit Free Press, May 4, 1945, 15.

“Piano Stylist Earl Hines to Feature Sensational Sax Star in theatre Revue,” Detroit Tribune, May 5, 1945, 13.

May 11

Earl Hines Orchestra and Revue

4 Mellowtones

3 Maniacs of Rhythm

Salt & Pepper

Eastwood Gardens, Detroit, MI.

Benefit for Save the Children Federation.

Delta, Alpha, Beta (prod.)

 

“Helping Hands,” Detroit Free Press, May 6, 1945, part 1, 3: photo and caption.

May 13

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Savoy Ballroom, Chicago, IL.

3. pm.

Mother’s Day Matinee Dance.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, May 5, 1945, 20.

May mid

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Billy Douglas, Palmer Davis,  Willie Cook (tp); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls, Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Bill Thompson (vib); Rene Hall (g); Eugene Thomas (b, arr); David Booth (d); Essex Scott) (voc).

Unidentified studio, Chicago, IL.

Commercial recordings for ARA.

 

“Short shorts,” Variety, May 23, 1945, 11: Boris Morros planed to Chicago to record Earl Hines for ARA.

See discography for details.

 

May 15

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

4 Mellowtones

St. Joseph, MO.

Dance.

 

Ad in St. Joseph Journal, May 11, 1945, 12.

May 17

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

4 Mellowtones

Robinson Auditorium, Little Rock, TX.

S. W.Tucker (prod).

 

Ad in Arkansas State Press, April 13, 1945, 8.

May 22

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

4 Mellowtones

Library Auditorium, San Antonio, TX.

8 pm.

Dan Albert (prod).

 

Ad in San Antonio Register, May 11, 1945, 7.

 “Limited Number of Advance Sale Tickets for Earl Hines’ Dance at Library Auditorium, May 22,” San Antonio Register, May 18, 1945, 2.

May 29

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

4 Mellowtones

Moravian Auditorium, Corpus Christi, TX.

9 pm.

W. K. Brown (prod).

 

Ad in Corpus Christi Times, May 16, 1945, 6.

June 3

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Dooky Chase Jr. and His Rhythm Boys

Coliseum, New Orleans, LA.

8 pm.—2 am.

 

“Earl Hines Set for Show Sunday,” Pittsburgh Courier, June 2, 1945, 15.

June 14

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Municipal Auditorium, Atlanta, GA.

8:30 pm.—12:30 am.

Special reserved section for white patrons.

 

“’Father ’Hines’ Band to Play Here Thursday,” Atlanta Constitution,

June 10, 1945, 2-D.

Ad in Atlanta Constitution, June 14, 1945, 216.

 

June 22

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Probably: Billy Douglas, Palmer Davis,  Willie Cook (tp); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls (tb, p);  Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as, fl); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Bill Thompson (vib); Rene Hall (g); Eugene Thomas (b); David Booth (d), Anita Brown, Essex Scott (voc).

3 Maniacs of Rhythm

The Marlins

(acrobats)

Tim Moore, Crackshot, and Vivian

Apollo Theater, NYC.

June 22—28.

June 27:

Amateur Night. WMCA broadcast. 11:00—12:00 p.m.

Apollo Theater, NYC.

Broadcast recording with the Earl Hines Orchestra exists.

 

Ad in New York Age, June 23, 1945, 10.

“Earl ‘Father’ Hines Makes return Stage Appearance at Apollo,” New York Age, June 23, 1945, 10.

“Radio programs,” Brooklyn Eagle, June 27, 1945,19.

See discography for details.

June 29

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Howard Theater, Washington, DC.

June 29—July 5.

 

D. Salemann, Wardell Gray 1921-1955 Discography (1986), 5.

July 6

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

King Johnson

3 Maniacs of Rhythm

The Marlins

Royal Theatre, Baltimore., MD.

July 6—12.

 

Ad in Baltimore Afro-American, July 7, 1945, 14.

July

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Café Society, Knoxville, TN.

 

Chicago Defender, June 23, 1945, according to S. Dance, The World of Earl Hines (1977), 302.

 

July 29

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Ezzard Charles Colosseum, Cincinnati, OH.

-2 pm.

Dance.

 

Ad in Cincinnati Enquirer, July 29, 1945, news sec. 32.

August 1

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Ada Brown

Brookins & Van

LeRoy Carrington

(tap dance)

RKO Palace, Columbus, OH.

August 1—2.

 

Ad in Columbus Dispatch, August 1, 1945, 8-A.

“Vienna Woods Caught in Hines Whirlwind,” Columbus dispatch, August 1, 1945, 8-A.

August 17

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Probably: Billy Douglas, Willie Cook (tp); Palmer “Fats” Davis (tp, voc); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls  (tb, p); Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Bill Thompson (vib); Rene Hall (g); Eugene Thomas (b, arr); David Booth (d); Stephanie Stephenson, Lord Essex (voc ).

3 Maniacs of Rhythm

Salt & Pepper

LeRoy Carrington

(tap dance)

Regal Theatre, Chicago, IL.

August 17—23.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, August 18, 1945, 20.

Program shown in S, Dance. The World of Earl Hines (1977), 288.

 

August 24

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Plantation Club, St. Louis.

August 24—September 13.

 

Ad in St. Louis Star-Times, September 8, 1945, 6: Now Playing.

Ad in St. Louis Star-Times, September 13, 1945, 21: Now Playing.

Ad in St. Louis Star-Times, September 14, 1945, 26: Now Playing. Coming next Friday Red Caps.

D. Salemann, Wardell Gray 1921-1955 Discography (1986), 5.

 

September 14

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Pershing Ballroom, Chicago, IL.

September 14, 1945. 8:00 pm.

Sportsman Club presents Shadow Dance.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, September 8, 1945, 20.

September 21

Startime 7th edition

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Including Bill Thompson (vib; Janie Moses replaced by Dolores Smith, Arthur Walker, Lord Essex (voc).

Melrose Colbert

(voc)

LeRoy Carrington

Cole & Poke

The Barancos

(voc)

10 Grottoettes

Joe Stevenson (revue arr).

El Grotto, Chicago, IL.

September 21– October 25.

 

“Earl Hines returns to El Grotto,” Chicago Defender, September 29, 1945, 20: Premiere of 7th Edition of “Startime.” Hines returned Friday. Has Janie Moses (voc).

Ad in Chicago Defender, October 6, 1945, 25.

Ad in Chicago Sun, October 21, 1945, 37: Seventh edition of Showtime.

October 26

Startime 8th edition

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Probably: Billy Douglas, Willie Cook (tp); Palmer “Fats” Davis (tp, voc); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls  (tb, p); Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Bill Thompson (vib); Rene Hall (g); Eugene Thomas (b, arr); David Booth (d); Dolores Parker, Lord Essex (voc ).

Kitty Murray

Ralph Brown

Pierce & Pierce

Margaret Brown

10 Grottoettes

Joe Stevenson (revue arr).

El Grotto, Chicago, IL.

October 26–December 6.

 

Ad in Chicago Sun, October 28, 1945, 35: Eighth edition of Showtime: Has Delores Parker and Margaret Watkins.

Ads in Chicago Sun, November 11, 1945, 35, and November 25, 41:  8th edition of Startime: Has Delores Parker and Margaret Brown.

December 7

Startime 9th edition

Earl Hines and His Orchestra

Probably: Billy Douglas, Willie Cook (tp); Palmer “Fats” Davis (tp, voc); Arthur Walker (tp, voc): Cliff Smalls  (tb, p); Gus Chappell, Walter Harris,  Druie Bess (tb); Scoops Carey (as, cl); Lloyd Smith (as); Kermit Scott, Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p, dir); Bill Thompson (vib); Rene Hall (g); Eugene Thomas (b, arr); David Booth (d); Dolores Parker, Lord Essex (voc ).

Lovi Lane

Dick Montgomery

Pierce & Pierce

Margaret Brown

10 Grottoettes

Joe Stevenson (revue arr).

El Grotto, Chicago, IL.

December 7–January 3, 1946.

 

Ad in Chicago Sun, December 9, 1945, 40: 9th edition of Startime.

 

December 16

Jam Session

Orchestras members of the bands of

Earl Hines

Red Saunders

Probably including: Billy Douglas (tp): Scoops Carey (as, cl); Wardell Gray (ts); Earl Hines (p,; Bugene Thomas (b, arr); David Booth (d); Red Saunders; Leon Washington.

Moose Hall, Chicago, IL.

December 16, 1945; 2 pm.

Hot Club of Chicago (prod).

 

“All About Town," Chicago Sun, December 13, 1945, 1.

"Hot Club Schedules Jam Season Sunday," Chicago Sun, December 14, 1945, 29.

.