1945

Wardell Gray Chronology

 

 

 

Created by Leif Bo Petersen

 

Last updated: December 4, 2013

 

 

Date

 

Event

References/Further Details

January 5

Earl Hines Orchestra

Orchestra and Revue: Palmer Fats Davies, Wardell Gray, Kermit Scott, Lord Essex, Red Lyons, and 4 Mellowtones; 3 Maniacs of Rhythm, Salt & Pepper (Janie Moses, Arthur Walker).

Apollo Theater, New York, NY.

January 5–11.

 

Ad in New York Amsterdam News, January 6, 1945, 9B.

Down Beat, February 1: Review according to S. Dance, The World of Earl Hines (1977), 302.

Review in Metronome, February 1945, 20, by Ira Gitler (information from Dieter Salemann).

January 10

Apollo Theater, New York, NY.

WMCA broadcast. 11:00–12:00 p.m. Amateur Hour.

Broadcast recording with the Earl Hines Orchestra exists.

 

Radio program in Brooklyn Eagle, January 10, 1945, 21.

See discography for details.

January 12

RCA Victor Studio, 155 E. 24th Street, New York, NY.

January 12, 1:30–4:30 p.m.

Commercial recordings for Bluebird (RCA-Victor).

 

Recording contract between William Morris Agency and RCA (Norman Saks Collection).

http://wardellgray.org/contractsp1.html

See discography for further details.

 

February 2

16-piece orchestra incl. Arthur Walker (tp & voc); Clifton Small (p & bass [sic]); Scoops Carey; Kermit Scot; Essex Scott; The Mellowtones (voc); 3 Maniacs of Rhythm; Salt & Pepper (the latter were not present at the opening February 2).

National Theatre, Louisville, KY.

February 2–8.

 

House Reviews: National L-ville,” Variety, February 7, 1945, 20: Reviewed on February 2.

“Father Hines Puts U. of Louisville Kids Hep to Jive With Lecture,” Variety, February 14, 1945, 43: article dated Louisville Feb. 13. “…Hines and his orch (16) did bumper biz at the National Theatre last week.”

 

February early

University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.

“Father Hines Puts U of Louisville Kids Hep to Jive With Lecture,” Variety, February 14, 1945, 43: article dated Louisville Feb. 13. “Earl Hines…Monday (15) [sic] when he lectured on the psychological aspects of modern jazz.”

“Hines Bars Jim Crow Audiences,” Afro-American, April 21, 1945, 8: First the lecture was cancelled because Hines found out that colored students had no access. Later he appeared for a no-segregated audience in the University’s school of music.

 

February 23

Opera House, Newark, NJ.

February 23– March 1.

 

International Musician, February 1945 according to S. Dance, The World of Earl Hines (1977), 302.

March 2

“Earl Fatha Hines” Orchestra and Revue: Fats Palmer, Scoops Carey, Kermit Scott, Clifton Small, Rene Hall, Chick Booth, Lord Essex, Arthur Walker, and The Mellowtones; 3 Maniacs of Rhythm; Martina D’Arcy; The Grottoettes.

El Grotto, Pershing Hotel, Chicago, IL.

March 2–29.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, March 3, 1945, 10.

Program shown in S. Dance, The World of Earl Hines (1977), 289.

March 4

WIND. Chicago, IL.: broadcast at 7 p.m.: Earl Hines orchestra

“Hines Airs from Chi’s El Grotto,” Afro-American, March 10, 1945, 8.

 

March 29

Private recordings from El Grotto, Chicago, IL.

J. Evensmo, History of Jazz Tenor Saxophone vol. 4 (1999), 134.

See discography for details.

 

March 30

El Grotto, Pershing Hotel, Chicago, IL.

March 30–May 3.

“Hines proves Sweet Music is Real thing at Grotto, Afro-American, March 31, 1945, 8: Hines starts his second 4 weeks on Friday.

“Hines Awarded USO Honors,” Afro-American, April 28, 1945, 8: out May 3.

 

April mid

Hines signs recording contract with ARA.

“Morros Signs Hines to Exclusive contract,” Billboard, April 28, 1945, 11: New York, April 21 –Exclusive contract with Hines last week.

 

May early

Paradise Theater, Detroit, MI.

“Peace Flash Hits Detroit for Loop…” Billboard, May 19, 1945, 32: Article dated May 12: Hines currently at the Paradise.

 

May 13

Savoy Ballroom, Chicago, IL.

Mother’s Day Matinee Dance.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, May 5, 1945, 20.

International Musician, July 1945.?

May mid

Unidentified studio, Chicago, IL.

Commercial Recordings for ARA.

“Short shorts,” Variety, May 23, 1945, 11: Boris Morros planed to Chicago to record Earl Hines for ARA.

See discography for details.

 

May 17

Robinson Auditorium, Little Rock, AR.

 

Ad in Arkansas State Press, April 13, 1945, 8.

May 22

Probably Library Auditorium, San Antonio, TX.

San Antonio Register, May 22, 1945, 6

International Musician, July 1945.

 

June 22

Orchestra featuring Anita Brown (voc); 3 Maniacs of Rhythm; The Marlins (acrobats).

Apollo Theater, New York, NY.

June 22–28.

 

Ad in New York Amsterdam News, June 23, 1945, 7B.

June 27

Apollo Theater, New York, NY.

WMCA broadcast. 11:00–12:00 p.m. Amateur Night.

Broadcast recording with the Earl Hines Orchestra exists.

 

Radio program in Brooklyn Eagle, June 27, 1945,19.

Se discography for details.

June 29

Howard Theater, Washington, DC.

June 29–July 5.

 

D. Salemann, Wardell Gray 1921-1955 Discography  (1986), 5.

July 6

Essex Scott, Arthur Walker (voc); King Johnston; 3 Maniacs of Rhythm; The Marlins.

Royal Theatre, Baltimore, MD.

July 6–12.

 

Ad in Baltimore Afro-American, July 7, 1945, 14.

July

Café Society, Knoxville, TN.

Chicago Defender, June 23, 1945, according to S. Dance, The World of Earl Hines (1977), 302.

 

July 25

El Grotto, Pershing Hotel, Chicago, IL.

July 25–August 16?

 

Chicago Defender, May 26, 1945, according to S. Dance, The World of Earl Hines (1977), 302.

August 17

Orchestra and Revue: “Parade of Stars.”

Arthur Walker (tp & voc), Palmer Davis, Gus Chappell, Scoops Carey, Kermit Scott, Billy Douglas, Billy Thompson, Clifton Small, Rene Hall, Gene Thomas, Chick Booth, and Essex Scott; LeRoy Carrington (tap dance); Stephanie Stephenson (dance); Salt & Pepper; 3 Maniacs of Rhythm (Ford, Harris & Jones);

Regal Theatre, Chicago, IL.

August 17–23.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, August 18, 1945, 20.

Program shown in S, Dance. The World of Earl Hines (1977), 288.

 

August 24

Plantation Club, St. Louis.

D. Salemann, Wardell Gray 1921-1955 Discography  (1986), 5.

September 14

Feat. Arthur Walker, Kermit Scott, Scoops Carey, and Lord Essex.

Pershing Ballroom, Chicago, IL.

Sportsman Club presents Shadow Dance.

 

Ad in Chicago Defender, September 8, 1945, 20.

September 21

Premiere of 7th Edition of “Star Time.”

Orchestra featuring Bill Thompson (vib); Lord Essex (voc); Melrose Colbert (voc); LeRoy Carrington; The Grottoettes; Cole & Poke; Arthur Walker & Janie Moses; the Barancos (voc).

El Grotto, Chicago, IL.

September 21–January 3, 1946.

 

“Earl Hines returns to El Grotto,” Chicago Defender, September 29, 1945, 20: Hines returned Friday.

Ad in Chicago Defender, October 6, 1945, 25.

December 16

Moose Hall, Chicago, IL.

D. Salemann, Wardell Gray 1921-1955 Discography  (1986), 5.